Everlasting flowers (flowers that never fade)
08.08.2021 | NW 1776

Preserved Fresh Flowers (Preserved Fresh Flowers) are also called preserved flowers, ecological flowers, and also called "flowers that never fade" abroad. Preserved flowers are dried flowers that use fresh cut flowers of rose, carnation, phalaenopsis, hydrangea, etc., processed through a series of complex processes such as dehydration, decolorization, drying, and dyeing. [1] Preserved flowers are processed in terms of color, shape, and feel. It is almost no different from flowers. It maintains the characteristics of flowers, with richer colors, higher uses, and a preservation time of at least 3 years. It is the most ideal flower deep-processing product for floral design, home decoration, and celebrations. Everlasting flower products have been sought after by white-collar workers and upper-class consumers in Western countries since they appeared in Germany in the last century. Since 2012, the "preserved flowers" have been very popular in the Japanese market, with a demand for at least 100 million flowers per year.

Development status
Everlasting flower products have been sought after by white-collar workers and upper-class consumers in Western countries since they appeared in Germany in the last century. Since 2012, the "preserved flowers" have been very popular in the Japanese market, with a demand for at least 100 million flowers per year.
Before 2008, most of the immortal flower raw materials imported by Japanese flower companies were imported from Colombia and other places, and some also established raw material supply centers in Vietnam. However, because of the fresh cut rose flowers produced in Vietnam, the number of petals is small, the flower pattern is not good, and there is no production. Because of the advantages of single-headed roses, and Colombia and other countries are restricted by objective factors such as transportation, Japanese businessmen have gradually turned their sights on importing deep-processed rose cut products to Yunnan, China, and found ideal raw material suppliers. After two or three years of running-in Later, Chinese and Japanese companies united and directly produced immortal flowers in Yunnan, China, a production base for fresh cut rose flowers.
In the "2007 Kunming International Flower Exhibition in China", the series of deep-processed flower products such as immortal roses and carnations on display have been sought after by domestic and foreign merchants and thousands of flower lovers, and there is an endless stream of people who come to negotiate and visit.
Although immortal flowers are currently one of the most popular flower products in the world, due to technical constraints, most domestic immortal flowers production in China is "small workshop" production, and the production technology is in the exploratory stage, and the product supply is very small. .
From 2013 to 2014, Internet e-commerce flower sales also began to transform to the sales of eternal flowers, mainly selling eternal flower gift boxes to consumers. Yongshenghua has won good results in its online sales. Many online sellers have started the e-commerce road of Yongshenghua and won the first pot of gold in their lives.

The origin of eternal flower
There is a touching and beautiful story about the origin of eternal flowers.
A loving couple is about to leave. The boy needs to participate in a war to defend his hometown and relatives. This farewell may be a farewell. The boy left the girl with the newly plucked rose and a letter sealed in red wax, telling the girl: When the last petal of the rose fell, it was when she forgot about him and started her own brand new life.
The girl put the bouquet of roses in the flower vase, put her hands together on her chest and prayed to God, every day...
Bloody news kept coming. Those roses slowly lost their dew and fresh extract, and even the fragrance faded, but there was still no boy's words. The magic is that none of the petals of the flower in the flower vase have ever fallen. Finally in the early morning of the day, the boy, wearing a triumphant robe, with deposited scars, returned to the girl's door. From then on, holding hands for a lifetime and never separated. And the handful of roses that are dry but still standing upright.
As a result, the story of the lovers being favored by the god of luck passed down. In Europe, as long as a boy and a girl love each other, they will keep a handful of roses, or put their petals in the Bible, or make them into immortal flowers that will never fade. With this prayer, they will be as happy and lucky as they are in the story until eternity. This is also the flower language and meaning of the eternal flower.
The immortal flower that can maintain its beautiful posture for more than 3 years represents "eternal love", "eternal happiness" and "beautiful eternal". Sending eternal flowers to girls on Valentine's Day is not only an expression of love, but also a promise of "to stay together for a lifetime".

Craftsmanship

Material collection
There are a wide range of flower plant materials, including wild and artificially cultivated ones. Pay attention to identifying and selecting appropriate plant organs when collecting. Generally speaking, there are three types of flower materials commonly used in immortal flowers: clump flower materials used as the main flower, linear flowers used to express the line of the work, and embellishment filling materials used to make up space and embellish the picture to enrich the work. . The selection of flower materials requires that the flowers have just opened and mature, the texture is tough, the petals are low in water content, thick, and the small and medium-sized dark series of flowers; the collection of leaf materials requires thick leaves, rough hands, easy shaping and not easy to curl, and good texture. , Thick grassy leaves that are not fragile; the collection of branches, stems and other materials requires good shape, good quality, and reasonable selection according to different uses. In principle, the collection time can be collected at any time when there are suitable materials, but if it is mass production, it is necessary to understand the flowering period of the materials and collect them within 10-15 days. The collection of immortal flowers and plant materials is a meticulous and important work, which directly affects the final drying effect and the yield rate. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid damaging the materials and collecting diseased and weak branches as much as possible. In order to improve the yield rate, Collect the materials for sorting. Removal of diseased and residual branches, side branches and side buds, as well as dense leaves, flowers, inflorescences and fruit branches, because ventilation can speed up the drying speed; finally, in order to standardize the production, the dried flowers must be cut and dried according to the standard size of the dried flowers before drying. Grading.
Color retention treatment
In the process of making plant materials, whether they can preserve their original colors as much as possible and achieve the ideal viewing effect is the key to the production of dried flowers. From the perspective of color preservation, there are three basic methods for color preservation:
The physical color retention method uses the external environment such as temperature, humidity, light and oxygen content in the drying medium to maintain the bright color of plant materials. The basic methods of physical color retention include high temperature and decompression color retention, low temperature and decompression color retention, and microwave drying color retention.
The chemical color retention method is a color retention method that maintains or changes the chemical structure and properties of the original pigment through chemical reactions between chemical agents and the pigments of plant materials. The chemical color retention method is further divided into: color retention of green materials, color retention of colored flowers, and color retention of flower leaves in vivo. Agents commonly used for color retention include tartaric acid, citric acid, copper sulfate, aluminum sulfate, alum, tin chloride, zinc chloride, and sucrose.
Artistic color retention is a method of using dyes to color and preserve plant materials. It is often used for wood plant materials with a high fiber content. Bleaching is required before dyeing.
Because color retention is a comprehensive problem affected by multiple factors, whether it is chemical color retention or artistic color retention, most of them rely on physical color retention, and physical color retention only combines chemical color retention. The effect of the method will be more ideal, so it is often necessary to use it comprehensively and flexibly in practical applications.

Dry treatment
The most important step in the drying process is the drying process of plant materials. The drying process is also a process of dehydration inside the flower materials, and the plant materials just collected need to be dried as soon as possible. There are many drying methods used in various countries in the world, each with its own characteristics, mainly as follows:
The natural drying method is a method of removing moisture from plant materials through the natural circulation of air. It is the most primitive and easiest drying method, but it takes a long time. It is suitable for plant materials with a lot of fiber, low water content, small flower shape and short stem. According to the placement of plant materials, the natural drying method can be divided into hanging drying, flat drying and vertical drying.
The forced drying method has the following common methods: The heated drying method is a forced drying method in which plant materials are appropriately heated to destroy the internal protoplasm structure, thereby promoting the accelerated evaporation of water in the body. The drying effect of this method is better than the natural drying method. Commonly used are oven drying method, flower dryer drying method, and microwave drying method. Among them, the microwave drying method is not only fast, but also good in shape and color retention, but when using this method, you must pay attention to some choices.
The low-temperature drying method is a forced drying method that uses dry cold air at 0-10°C as the drying medium. Although this method can preserve better color, it requires high requirements and takes a long time, so it is not commonly used.
The vacuum drying method is a drying method that uses reduced pressure air as the drying medium. The plant material is put into a closed container that is vacuumed into a certain vacuum, and the water in the plant material is quickly evaporated or sublimated to dry. This method is only used for immortal flowers. in production.
The heavy-pressure drying method is a commonly used drying method for making flat embossing. Appropriate pressure is applied to the plant material to maintain its flat shape. The more traditional pressure drying methods include heavy stone embossing method and specimen clamp embossing method, pay attention to the pressure is moderate.
The submerged drying method usually uses fine-grained shaping materials to bury the flowers for drying. It is suitable for drying large-scale flowers with high water content such as roses and peony. Commonly used shaping materials include silica gel, table salt, river sand, etc.
The liquid drying method uses a hygroscopic but non-volatile organic liquid to treat plant materials. Utilizing the role of liquid agent to replace and retain water, the dried flower made has good gloss and soft texture, but it is prone to liquid agent oozing, mildew of flowers, and darker color in high-temperature environments. Commonly used liquids are glycerin and formalin. Since each drying method has its own advantages and disadvantages, in actual application, we often make reasonable and comprehensive utilization of various drying methods in order to obtain the best drying effect.
Material molding
Flower materials are independent individuals of dried flowers. Only through the flexible use of various flowers can the purpose of expressing a certain theme be achieved. According to the processing method of the material, the flower material can be formed into natural dried flowers, forced dried flowers and artificially created flowers. Technical processing and finishing of materials The dried flower materials that have been processed are dry and rigid, and are easy to be brittle. Therefore, different methods need to be used for grafting according to different materials to achieve good results. The grafting methods are mainly as follows:
The puncture method is suitable for flowers with short flowering branches. It can be grafted naturally or with iron wire;
The method of sticking branches takes the flower branches and keeps the short branches or petioles about 1 cm, and coats them with adhesive, and also coats the flower receptacle or outer petals with the adhesive, and then places the flowers at the interface between the two. After the adhesive dries, the flowers are fixed on the flower branches;
The leaf grafting method is a method in which the dried leaves are integrated on the branches with iron wires;
The stringing method is aimed at the hollow stems, using suitable iron wires to string into them, so that the flower branches are not only real stalks, but also can be arbitrarily shaped, which has great applicability.
Art portfolio
It is the process of combining dried flower materials that have been processed in various ways into a dried flower art work according to a certain art composition law. The combination must follow the four main principles of color unity, color blending, composition balance, and rhythm. The above is the main production process of immortal flowers, and the production process of immortal flowers is more complicated. Simply put, we must first grasp the timing of harvesting, otherwise it will break easily, and then wash, refine, dye, soften, and dry. Different flowers use different medicines. The temperature and time required for each process must be strictly controlled in order to restore the true colors of the flowers.
Maintenance items


Eternal flower


Preserved flowers (5 photos)
Maintenance should pay attention to moisture and sun protection. It is best to use a vacuum cleaner to remove dust after placing it for a period of time. Cleaning with a hair dryer is also an effective method. Usually use some essence and sesame oil to drip on the flowers, you can also create a real fragrant "flower house", making the room atmosphere extraordinary.
Advantages/Eternal Flower Editing Voice
1. It is made from natural flowers and is non-toxic and harmless. Preserved flowers are made of real flowers through high-tech. They have the dual characteristics of long-term storage of fake flowers and the non-toxic, harmless and bright colors of real flowers. Moreover, preserved flowers are the same as dried flowers. The main feature of preserved flowers is that they retain the organization, moisture, and color of the flowers themselves. There is no moisture inside the dried flowers, and the color is different from that of fresh flowers.
2. The colors are rich, and colors that are not available in nature can be produced. The preserved flowers are rich in colors and varieties. The most famous one is the Blue Enchantress, and newly developed varieties include rose, hydrangea, calla lily, carnation, orchid, lily, and gypsophila.
3. It can be kept for a long time, and it can keep fresh for a long time. The preserved flowers last for a long time and bloom in all seasons. The preservation time varies with different technologies. The current Chinese technology can keep preserved flowers for about 3 to 5 years. The world's advanced technology can keep preserved flowers for about ten years.
4. No watering, no care, easy to take care of.
5. No pollen, will not be infected with hay fever.
Main features edit Voice
Compared with fresh flowers, immortal flowers can be stored for more than 3-5 years under suitable conditions. And this kind of flower can be sold for more than 100 yuan at most. Taking China Heze peony as an example, Heze peony is divided into ten major flower types and nine major color systems. There are 1,156 varieties, and it is currently the largest peony seedling base in China. Every year during the flowering period, flower farmers need to trim excess flowers, and these peonies are just good raw materials for making immortal flowers. During the normal peony blooming period, flower farmers throw away the blooming flowers, and throw them away to waste. Therefore, immortal flowers broaden a new way for flower farmers to get rich, and flower farmers have another way to generate income.
Eternal Flower Care Editor Voice
Do not place the flowers in excessive heat or strong light. Immortal roses are very delicate, please do not touch them frequently. Do not water, do not place it outdoors, and do not expose it to direct sunlight. If it is covered with dust, use a hair dryer with cold air to gently blow off the dust. If the room is humid, please do not expose the flowers to the air for a long time.
Special note: Dried flowers may become moldy in humid areas in the south. It is recommended to keep them in a dry environment in humid weather.
Entry Atlas